“Theories” and Facts: Evolution vs. Creationism

            Before Charles Darwin popularized the theory of evolution in 1859 with his book On the Origin of Species, creationism was the main theory for how the earth came into being and how we got here. Since then, the debate over whether creationism or evolution is an accurate answer to the question “How did we get here?” continues to rage on. Some believe in evolution whole heartedly and some are not sure. Some even believe that the theory of evolution and creationism are compatible, leading to the “young earth” or “old earth” creationism debates. However, most believe either one or the other and not both, which makes sense. Overall, they are very different ideas.

            Darwin’s entire theory of evolution is based on his observations of animals. He noted that if one species of animals were separated and lived that way for a long time, they would no longer resemble each other and may not be able to interbreed anymore. This, however, is not the “theory of evolution” as most people know it. This principle is microevolution. Everything undergoes microevolution. Simply put, microevolution is tiny genetic changes or mutations. The reason that one species might become two when separated  is that one set of mutations might make part of the second group better suited to its environment, a principle better known as survival of the fittest. Darwin theorized that, given enough time, mutations would so change a creature that it was entirely different. For example, fish could evolve into amphibians or monkeys into humans. If this were true then we would be able to find transitional fossils or “missing links” as they are popularly called.

            Evidence to support such large-scale evolution does not exist. In fact, the term “theory” of evolution is a bit of a misnomer. A theory as defined by scientific terms is an idea that has been tested and backed up with evidence until it is proven. Because there is no actual proof for evolution, it would better be defined as a hypothesis, a baseline idea that needs testing. As stated in the paragraph above, if evolution were true, we would be able to find missing link fossils in the fossil record. However, to this day, no verifiable missing links, or “transitional fossils” have been found. In fact, the evidence in the fossil record seems to contradict evolutionary teachings. According to evolution, the deeper down into the rock layers, the older the fossils are supposed to be. In reality, many species that are supposed to be very old have been found in every layer, effectively disproving this theory. Fossils have even been found that span several layer of rocks. Another phenomenon that provides evidence against evolution is the existence of creatures that evolutionists thought were extinct  millions of years ago, known as “living fossils.” A well-known example of this is the coelacanth, an ancient-looking fish. According to evolution, this species should have evolved greatly between 80 million years ago and now. However, the fish looks exactly like its fossils, showing that it has evolved very little if at all between now and whenever it was fossilized. Darwin himself stated that if no transitional fossils were ever found, his theory would be disproved.

            One of the most widely accepted experiments used to show evidence for evolution is the Miller-Urey experiment. This experiment used hydrogen, methane, water, and ammonia and heated them up. They fired sparks between electrodes to simulate lightning. These conditions were supposed to mimic conditions on the earth millions of years ago. At the end of the experiment, around 20 amino acids had been created. The experiment seems to offer impressive evidence that evolution is possible. The only problem is that the creators of the experiment overestimated the amount of hydrogen that would be in the atmosphere if earth evolved the way evolutionists claim it did. With the correct amount of hydrogen, the entire experiment would have been a failure. Even with this knowledge, most textbooks treat this experiment as sound proof for evolution.

            While evolution is based on the theory of a man, creationism is based on the Bible, the revealed word of God. Genesis, the first book of the Bible, explains what happened on the first day in detail. The Bible first states that God created the earth and everything in it in six days. Then, the second chapter of Genesis goes back and focusses mainly on the creation of man. Because of the way it goes backwards and forwards, some have incorrectly believed that there are two different stories in Genesis.

            Unlike the theory of evolution, the events in Genesis have quite a bit of evidence to support them. One of the biggest events in Genesis is the Flood. God found the few good people left in the world and started over with a clean slate. A world-wide flood is a much better explanation for fossils that cover many strata of rock. As the flood waters receded, they would have deposited sediment in layers upon the animals that were drowned in the flood. Some have wondered how the entire earth could have been flooded. The best theory about this is the canopy theory. The canopy theory states that there was once a thick layer of clouds in the atmosphere that would have created a greenhouse effect, which would keep the whole planet warm. After the flood, the poles would have instantly cooled and the global climate would have changed dramatically. This theory also partially explains the extinction of dinosaurs. The atmosphere before the flood would have had much more oxygen because of the canopy than after. The dinosaurs were unable to survive because they couldn’t get enough oxygen. This idea is supported by the fact that dinosaur fossils have been found to have very small lungs in relation to their bodies. Some believe that the flood did not happen at all. However, this belief is not supported by the evidence. For example, many civilizations all around the world have a story of a great flood. It is highly unlikely that so many sets of ancient peoples would have such similar stories if it was not true.

            Although most people believe that either God created the earth or that evolution is true, there are those that believe both. Creationists who believe that evolution does not exist are called young earth creationists, while those that believe that God used evolution to create the earth are known as old earth creationists. This theory is mainly based on time dilation theory, which states that time was speeding by at a much faster rate at the Big Bang and has continued to slow down over millions of years. According to this theory, in 24 hours of our time, billions of years would have passed. Strangely enough, if one was to compare the rate of time slowing down to the story of creation, they match up exactly to the modern time scale of evolution.

            Despite the amount of evidence for creationism and against evolution, many will continue to ignore the truth. Some may genuine not know the truth, but many more will be unwilling to admit that God exists, and they must therefore search for something else. Our public schools refuse to teach creationism for the latter reason. Those who do not believe in God will ultimately be empty and will seek forever to answer the eternal question, “How did I get here?”

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One thought on ““Theories” and Facts: Evolution vs. Creationism

  1. Patricia Martin says:

    This is an excellent post!

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